Frances Stewart

Human Development: achievements and challenges

Should development be more than growth of income? Prof. Frances Stewart of Oxford University argues why we should also take care of education, health to improve quality of our lives – human development in this KAPTalks.

Thursday 01.01.1970

This lecture traces the evolution of thinking from an exclusive emphasis on economic growth to Human Development starting with the 1990 Human Development Report of the UNDP. It traces the achievements in Human Development since then, differentiating between basic Human Development and broader dimensions. While there has been very major progress on many of the dimensions, particularly basic HD, there has been more mixed progress on other dimensions – for example in relation to community and social aspects, while there is ongoing gross failure with respect to sustainability. The lecture ends by pointing to some defects in the approach and the challenges they represent for future analysis and policy.

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Frances Stewart is the Professor Emeritus in Development Economics and Editor at the Oxford Development Studies. At the Oxford University Frances Stewart was Director of the Oxford Department of International Development from 1993-2003 and Director of the Centre for Research on Inequality, Human Security and Ethnicity (CRISE) at the department between 2003 and 2010. Among many publications, she is coauthor of UNICEF’s influential study, Adjustment with a Human Face (OUP 1987); War and Underdevelopment (OUP 2001); and leading author and editor ofHorizontal Inequalities and Conflict: Understanding Group Violence in Multiethnic Societies (Palgrave, 2008). She has directed a number of major research programmes including several financed by the UK Government’s Department for International Development, and others by the Swedish Development Agency and the Carnegie Corporation. She was given the UNDP’s Mahbub ul Haq award for her lifetime’s achievements in promoting human development in 2009; and named one of fifty outstanding technological leaders for 2003 by Scientific American(Policy Leader in Economic Development Strategies for promoting anti-poverty campaigns to help quell armed conflicts in developing countries).

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